Topaz is a well-known mineral, which occurs in beautiful shapes and colours. Naturally, it occurs in various colours, but pink, blue and purple topaz is subjected to heat treatment. Topaz crystal which occurs in matrix structure is very rarely found as it contains the perfect basal cleavage. It is orthorhombic, prismatic, tabular and stubby crystals. It is colourless with a hardness of 8 on the Mohs scale. It is transparent to opaque with a specific gravity of 3.3-3.6.
Fact 1- Topaz is a mineral (Aluminum flour-silicate). It is generally yellowish, colourless, green and light bluish in colour.
Fact 2- The name Topaz has been derived from the Greek word, Topazos which was a small island in the Red Sea.
Fact 3- The common colour of Topaz is yellow, but the pure Topaz is colourless.
Fact 4- It is the birthstone for the people born in the month of November, which is associated with Scorpio zodiac.
Fact 5- Other alternative birthstones for Scorpio, which give good results, are Beryl, Amethysts, Aquamarine, Tourmaline and Opal.
Fact 6- Loyalty, Friendship, and Faithfulness are the symbols associated with Topaz.
Fact 7- It is impossible to differentiate Topaz by the naked eye with the citrine.
Facts 8- The colour of the Topaz gems consist of three components. These are tone, hue and saturation.
Fact 9- Topaz is a lucky gemstone to give as a gift on the 4th and 19th marriage anniversary.
Fact 10- Pure crystals of Topaz are also used in place of it. The crystal form of Topaz is orthorhombic.
Facts 11- Along with the Topaz, all gemstones are graded by colour, cut, clarity and carat weight.
Fact 12- The tradition of giving Topaz, as jewellery dates back many years ago.
Benefits of Topaz
Topaz cures the digestive problems. It stimulates the bowel movements and removes obstruction from the digestive system. It also affects the circulatory system and promotes relaxation and ease to the body. White Topaz helps to complete new projects successfully, while Yellow Topaz acts as a counter to the spoiled mood.
Charisma of Topaz
Topaz symbolizes the pleasure and joy. It helps to take the challenges of the new world. It helps to attain the spiritual realization.
Found in- Ural mountains, South Western Africa
Colours- Dark to Light Yellow
Availability- Cut jewellery, polished small stones.
Crystallization- It occurs as an orthorhombic crystal.